To get TrueType fonts working:
They must not have filenames with spaces!
Put them in one of the truetype/[a-z] directories If you put them somewhere else, check that its path is setup in the Files section of /etc/X11/XF86Config
In each and every directory where fonts have been added or deleted, an index must be created:
ttmkfdir > fonts.scale
Also a fonts.dir file must be created:
Restart X, or investigate how to use "xset +fp" to reread font info
Bonus step… Since most of these fonts get mutliple char set definitions in the fonts.* files, they come up with unusable options in programs (namely Gimp). It turns out that the one that works is the ASCII definition. So I just open up those files (only the fonts.dir seems to need to be modified) and delete everything but this line with:
Then look at what line number you’re on and put that number on a line by itself before any other lines (the first line). Done.
To descend into all the letter directories and make the indices, here’s a bash one-liner:
for X in [a-z]; do cd $X;echo $X;ttmkfdir > fonts.scale;\ mkfontdir; cd /usr/X11R6/lib/X11/fonts/truetype; done